Nearly all Linux log files are located under the /var/log directory. You may view these log files using the text viewer or editor of your choice.
From the command line, a common method for viewing the syslog message file is:
View a step-by-step screencast of this process:
To view the system log files from the GUI interface:
- Log into the GUI via any method (ie VNC, DRAC, physical console)
- Navigate to System -> Administration -> System Log
Common Linux Logs
- /var/log/message: general system log
- /var/log/boot.log: boot log
- /var/log/dmesg: kernel messages/log
- /var/log/secure: authentication log
- /var/log/cron: scheduled (cron) job log
- /var/log/maillog: mail server log
- /var/log/yum.log: software update log
In most cases, there is no reason to remove an OS user. It is better to simply lock down the account to prevent any future login.
- Select System -> Administration -> Users and Groups
- Select the user from the list
- Select the Properties button
- Select the Account Info tab
- Select the checkbox next to Local password is locked
- Select OK
VNC is a remote desktop protocol similar to Microsoft Windows Terminal Services or RDP. The server must be powered on and running Linux for VNC to operate.
First, you must have a VNC viewer application for your PC, Mac or mobile device. In this example, we’ll be using the free RealVNC viewer.
Launch the viewer and enter your server’s IP address, followed by “:1” to signify the VNC service listening on the first available port and press Connect:
When prompted, select Continue:
When prompted, enter your VNC password:
You will now be at the GUI desktop. When you are finished, just close the VNC window to end your session.
The Dell Remote Access Card (DRAC) contains full-featured remote console access that offers full remote KVM and media access to the server, regardless of its power state.
- Open a web browser and navigate to the DRAC’s IP address, which is different from the Linux server’s LAN IP address
- The default log in username is root, with a password of calvin
- Select Console and Launch Viewer